Mexico or Mexican United States is a state in North America bordering in the north with USA , in the southeast with Belize and Guatemala , in the north-west It is washed by the waters of the Gulf of California and the Pacific Ocean, in the east – by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Machuavitl — a weapon made of volcanic glass that allows you to cut a horse in half with one blow. At the same time, the glass was extremely fragile, which made the muquavitl a disposable weapon.
According to legend, the wounded Pancho Villa turned to the journalist in time with the question: “Have you already figured out what my last words will be?”.
Before the Mexican-Mexican War of 1848, San Francisco was part of Mexico.
Antonio de Santa Anna has served as President of Mexico 11 times for 22 years.
In 1838, Mexican soldiers sacked a cake shop owned by a French confectioner, which gave France a reason to start the so-called. confectionery war.
The popular song “Cucaracha” became very common during the Mexican Revolution, because the revolutionaries called government troops “cockroaches” (that is how the name of this song is translated from Spanish).
Everyone was so passionate about the Mexican revolution that they forgot about the garrison on the island of Clipperton in the Pacific Ocean. The soldiers and their wives were forced to survive without having on this coral atoll, which was not suitable for growing soil and vegetation.
The entire military history of Mexico was conditionally divided into periods. Please note that on the sides (or above the heading in the mobile version) there are icons with typical warriors and weapons typical for the indicated periods, when you click on them, corresponding articles on Wikis will be opened in a new tab. When you click on the period heading, you will move to the chronological line, where you can clearly see what events were happening at that time.
The Aztec period is the period in the precolonial history of Mexico, which began with the advent of the Aztecs in the 14th century and ended with the fall of the Aztec empire in 1521 at the hands of the conquistadors. During this period, a strong Aztec influence was exerted on the Mexican tribes: almost all of them used Aztec weapons and equipment.
The conquest of Mexico is a period in the history of Mexico, which began with the destruction of the Aztec empire by conquistadors led by Hernan Cortes, and led to the creation of the New Spain colony.
New Spain is a Spanish colony in North America that existed from 1535 to 1821. It was located on the territory of modern Mexico and another 8 states.
The 20th century is most characteristic of the Kristeros uprising and the “economic miracle” that occurred in Mexico after World War II.
Today, Mexico has a well-organized army, police and military academies to train future specialists.
It contains all the main events of Mexican military history. Links lead to the WikiWarriors encyclopedia, so we recommend opening them in a new window. Events are grouped according to different periods described above. By clicking on the line of one color or another (or on the block itself in the phones), you will move to a text block with information about the selected period. If you moved to a certain period when clicking on its heading above, but cannot find it, look at the far right of the screen, it is most likely there.
The civilization of the Indians Maya is declining.
Aztecs arrive in the Valley of Mexico.
Aztecs found Tenochtitlan, the capital of their future empire.
Montezuma I becomes ruler of the Aztecs and expands the Aztec empire.
Cortes defeats the Aztecs and proclaims their lands as Spanish possessions.
Mixton war between the Native Indians and the colonial troops.
Tepeuan rebellion against the colonial authorities.
Rise of pueblo .
The Catholic priest begins the war for the independence of Mexico.
The end of the war, the declaration of independence of Mexico.
Agustin I becomes the first emperor of Mexico.
Guadalupe Victoria becomes the first president of Mexico, the country becomes a republic.
Santa Anna becomes president for the first time.
The Texas Revolution begins.
Texas forces defeat the Mexican army of Santa Anne and the Republic of Texas is separated from Mexico.
The Mexican-American war begins.
US troops occupy the capital of Mexico.
The end of the war with the United States, Mexico is losing a large number of territories in the north of the country.
Santa Anna expelled from Mexico.
The French invade Mexico, and the president of the country is Maximilian I .
Benito Juarez expels the French and becomes president of Mexico.
The Mexican revolution begins.
US Army leaves Mexico, the revolution ends with the adoption of constitutional amendments.
Revolutionary leader and folk hero Pancho Villa .
War kristeros against the provisions of the amended 1917 constitution.
Murder in Mexico Leo Trotsky .
Mexico declares war on Japan and Germany, sends its expeditionary air forces .
Beginning of the Zapatista uprising in Chiapas.
A new federal police unit has been created to deal with drug cartels.
In the first 5 months of the year, about 1,400 people were killed by organized crime.
A contemporary drawing of typical warriors of the Mexican Revolution, written by Gonzalo Ordóñez Arias .
Mexican military women dressed in the soldier manner march in preparation for Independence Day, September 10, 2010.
Puppet dolls depicting Emiliano Zapatu , during the march before Mexican Independence Day, September 15, 2010.
Here is a selection of examples of displaying the topics of the portal in fiction, films, series, comics and other types of popular culture.
This American film is quite complimentary about Pancho Villiers , although he attacked the US border. The film was made shortly after the events described in it, so it managed to quite accurately convey the spirit of the Mexican revolution, and many of the objects that appear in the frame are authentic, for example, soldier’s cork helmets.
Jackie Chan’s Adventures cartoon character, Mexican wrestler in a mask that he never takes off. Wrestling and unusual masks of its participants have become an integral part of Mexican culture of the XX – XXI centuries.
A Mexican superhero created by Hector Rodriguez, who fights drug cartels, the slave trade, and corrupt officials.
In this section you will find a variety of scientific and popular science literature on this topic. Please note that the text on the cards can be scrolled down - under the name of the book we have placed a brief description.
Ian Heath. Armies of the Aztec and Inca Empires, Other Native Peoples of The Americas, and the Conquistadores (Armies of the Sixteenth Century).
The best and most complete book at the moment on pre-colonial and colonial warriors of America of the XVI century with excellent illustrations based on a wide range of sources.
Джон Пол, Чарлз М. Робинсон. Ацтеки и конкистадоры. Гибель великой цивилизации.
Translation into Russian of the Osprey edition of “Aztecs and Conquistadores”, which was largely compiled from John Paul’s previous works, namely, “Aztec Warrior” (Warrior 32) and “The Conquistador” (Warrior 40). The original works were written in the early 2000s, however, they correlate with the work of Ian Heath and generally show a rather objective view of the military affairs of the Aztecs and conquistadors.
Philip L. Russell. The History of Mexico: From Pre-Conquest to Present.
One of the leading experts on the history of Mexico presented his vision of Mexican history. Basically, the book has positive ratings, but it should be noted that military history is not its main object and is mentioned insofar as.
Gral. Miguel A. Sanchez. Translated By J. Hefter. Lamego. El Batallon De San Blas 1825-1855.
An excellent book in the Mexican military-historical series, published in the 1960s. It focuses mainly on the uniform and has colorful illustrations that are not particularly artistic, but in view of the general lack of materials on the military history of 19th-century Mexico, they are quite valuable.
Reglamento de Uniformes y Divisas del Ejercito y Fuerza Aerea Mexicanos.
The official rules for wearing a uniform are Mexican Army 1976. An excellent source for the period for reenactors, but no more.
Ron Field. Mexican-American War, 1846-48 (Brassey's History of Uniforms).
The book is from a fairly authoritative and high-quality series, published in the late 1990s. The main emphasis is on the uniform, there are quite high-quality reconstruction.
Joseph Hefter. The Mexican Soldier 1837-1847: Organization, Dress, & Equipment.
This book was first published by samizdat in 1958 in Spanish and immediately became the main source of information on the appearance of the Mexican Army for the period of the Texas Revolution and the Mexican-American war.
Philip Jowett. The Mexican Revolution 1910–20 (Osprey Elite).
The book is not dedicated to the revolution itself as an event, but, as is always the case with Osprey, to the armies participating in it, their organization, weapons, tactics and uniforms are described in detail.
Philip Katcher. The Mexican-American War, 1846-1848 (Osprey Men-At-Arms Series, 56).
The book was published in 1989 and is partially outdated, giving way to a more recent book by Brassey’s History of Uniforms.
René Chartrand. Santa Anna’s Mexican Army 1821–48 (Osprey Elite).
Excellent work with a focus on uniforms and events related to the United States – despite the wide dating, the book mainly describes the events of the Texas Revolution and the American-Mexican War.